Thursday, September 15, 2016

Contemplating the Ancestry & DNA of MOSES RIDDLE, the Melungeon

There is a great deal of conjecture & "theoretical" genealogy available on the Internet regarding  Melungeons in general and MOSES RIDDLE/RIDLEY in particular.

According to the research of Roberts J Estes, Jack H Goins, Penny Ferguson & Janet Lewis Crain (Melungeons, A Multi-Ethnic Population publ 2013), who compiled & analyzed Y-DNA test results of male descendants of known Melungeon families, direct male descendants of MOSES RIDDLE have a Y-DNA haplogroup of R1a1b2 (European). 

They also note that MOSES RIDDLE is the only Melungeon who is actually listed as "Indian" in historical records. And descendants of EDWARD "NED" SIZEMORE are the only Melungeon family whose Y-DNA is actually Native American.  

Therefore, if MOSES RIDDLE truly was "Indian",  his mother would have had to have been Native American, since his father's DNA was European.  It is important to note that she would NOT have been Cherokee, as that tribe did not live in the areas of Virginia & North Carolina in which MOSES lived. Some researchers have speculated a connection to the Saponi tribe of Virginia. 

The discovery of MOSES RIDDLE/RIDLEY's Y-DNA haplogroup sheds some light on one of the more common theories about MOSES RIDDLE's parents.  

Many online trees & blogs indicate that  MOSES' father was EDWARD BUSS, born about 1671, a free person of color who was a slave to JAMES VAULX in Westmoreland Co Virginia until freed Feb 24, 1708;  and that MOSES' mother was MARGARET REDLEY/RIDLEY,  a white indentured servant from the household of CALEB BUTLER.

On June 1713,  Westmoreland Co Virginia , EDWARD BUSS was charged in court with illegally cohabiting with  MARGARET REDLEY/RIDLEY. She had also been brought into Westmoreland Co Virginia court several times previous to that date for fornication & bearing illegitimate children, all listed as mulatto, or mixed. 

However, EDWARD BUSS testified in Westmoreland Co Virginia court on Sept 20, 1702 that "he was the son of an English or white woman"--meaning that his father was African or mulatto. Likely EDWARD's father was a free person of color who married a white indentured servant. 

Thus it is unlikely EDWARD BUSS could be the father of MOSES RIDDLE whose Y-DNA is European.

Another theory which deserves further research is that MOSES RIDDLE may not have been Native American Indian, but  East Indian. The haplogroup R1a1b2 does exist in East Indian populations, although rare. It occurs about 1% in Bhargavas & Brahmins. 

In Westmoreland Co Virginia, there are court records beginning in 1707 for WILLIAM aka "BILLY INDIAN" who was abducted as a child from East India by DANIEL NEALE and made a servant in NEALE's household.  Court ruled that he was not a slave, that he was abducted illegally,  and should be released from servitude. 

There are other historical references to East Indians being brought to Virginia in the early colonial days. 

A Timeline of records for MOSES RIDDLE/RIDLEY:

--MOSES RIDDLE or RIDLEY, born around 1720 likely in the area of Louisa Co Virginia, first appears in records of the Flatt River region of Granville/Orange Co North Carolina in 1752, when he was witness to the land grant of THOMAS GIBSON Jr. Another researcher also indicates that WILLIAM BOLEN, THOMAS COLLINS & MOSES RIDDLE all lost their improvements on their land to JOHN BROWN's survey that same year  (I have not actually seen a copy of these records).

--In 1755 Orange Co North Carolina  tax list, MOSES RIDDLE & wife MARY were listed as "Mulattoes" (i.e. of mixed race, but not necessarily African),  and were living adjacent to THOMAS GIBSON Jr and his sons CHARLES  & MAGER/MAJOR GIBSON, GIDEON BUNCH, MICAJER BUNCH, THOMAS COLLINS, SAMUEL COLLINS & JOHN COLLINS--all families later called Melungeon  (In 1745 THOMAS GIBSON Jr, SAMUEL COLLINS & THOMAS COLLINS had all been called into Louisa Co VA court for "concealing tithtables" i.e., they had not paid tax on slaves or non-whites in their household. It's likely their wives and/or children were the non-whites in question).

--March & Sept court, 1756 Orange Co North Carolina; THOMAS WADE against MOSES RIDLEY; defendant failed to appear both sessions.

--Sept 13, 1756 Orange Co North Carolina MOSES RIDDLE/RIDLEY was chain bearer & witness on the land grant of WILLIAM COMBS, who purchased 385 ac adj THOMAS GIBSON Jr, JOSEPH COLLINS & JOHN WADE.

--Feb court 1761 Orange Co North Carolina; suit of WILLIAM CHAVES (CHAVIS) against MOSES REDLEY, a poor debtor

--1761 Orange Co North Carolina MOSES RIDDLE & CHARLES GIBSON were witnesses on the land grant of JOHN BROWN;698 ac adj THOMAS GIBSON Jr & JAMES WATSON

--Nov Court 1763 Oranges Co North Carolina; JOHN BROWN against MOSES RIDDLE; defendant failed to appear in court.

--1767 Pittsylvania Co Virginia (formed from Halifax Co); MOSES RIDDLE "Indian" on tax list, next to son WILLIAM RIDDLE who was not listed as "Indian".

--Sept 9, 1768 Pittsylvania Co Virginia; land grant to MOSES RIDDLE; 400 ac between EDWARD SMITH's & OLDHAM's lines; on Sandy River, south side (Pittsylvania Co).

--1786 Henry Co Virginia (formed from Pittsylvania); MOSES RIDDLE on tax list ( I have not actually found this record).

--MOSES RIDDLE's wife is often listed in online family trees as MARY GIBSON, daughter of THOMAS GIBSON Sr & MARY ALLEN, but this is incorrect. According to  the 1734  Hanover Co VA will of THOMAS GIBSON Sr,  his daughter MARY  was "MARY BROOKS", wife of RICHARD BROOKS.

Have a great day!


© Betty Tartas  2016

Sunday, August 21, 2016

The Family of Rev ABRAHAM B JONES and LUCINDA SCOTT of McNairy County Tennessee

In my continuing effort to further document my SCOTT, JONES & BRUTON families of McNairy Co Tennessee, here is my research so far on the collateral line of LUCINDA SCOTT, sister of my gg grandmother, LAVINA SCOTT BRUTON.

LUCINDA SCOTT, the daughter of THOMAS SCOTT Sr & ELIZABETH JONES,  was born about 1817 in probably Rutherford Co Tennessee. She married Nov 1, 1838 to Rev ABRAHAM B JONES in McNairy Co Tennessee.  He was the son of an unknown JONES & ELIZABETH, maiden name unknown.  Rev ABRAHAM B JONES, who was born April 11, 1816 in South Carolina, does not appear to be related  to LUCINDA's mother, ELIZABETH JONES, who was the daughter of NICHOLAS JONES & MARTHA "PATSY" MOORE.

In the 1840 census, Rev ABRAHAM B JONES & LUCINDA, a young couple with 1 son age under 5 years, were living next door to THOMAS SCOTT Sr, who appears to be a widowed male age 60-70, with an unmarried female age 30-40 living in the household,  with a male age 10-15, and two females under age 10.

Although THOMAS SCOTT Sr migrated to Greene Co Missouri in 1846, and died there in 1849, (several of his children also moved to Missouri at same time)  LUCINDA & her husband  remained in McNairy Co Tennessee for the rest of their lives.

According to census records,  here are the children & grandchildren of Rev ABRAHAM B JONES & LUCINDA SCOTT:

--JESSE BLUFORD JONES  born Aug 25, 1839 McNairy Co Tennessee; died March 18, 1913 Adamsville, McNairy Co Tennessee; married about 1869 MARY MILLS. Their children were:

LUCY JONES born 1883 McNairy Co Tennessee m JOHN FULLWOOD

WILLIE JONES (f) born Jan 31, 1885 McNairy Co Tennessee; died July 22, 1968 Kilbourne, West Carroll Parish, Louisiana; married ROBERT FLETCHER SCOTT (a 2nd cousin, see attached tree above) b March 13, 1881 McNairy Co Tennessee .

ABRAHAM BLUFORD "MOSES" JONES born March 6, 1888 McNairy Co Tennessee; died Dec 5, 1938 Memphis, Shelby Co Tennessee; married JULIA YOUNG

STOW JONES (m) born April 1890 McNairy Co Tennessee, no further info

JOHNIE JONES (f) born Jan 1896 McNairy Co Tennessee, no further info

--JAMES FRANKLIN JONES born April 22, 1846 McNairy Co Tennessee; died Feb 10, 1904 Texas or Oklahoma; married JEANNETTE "NETTIE"CATHERINE FLATT March 24, 1870 McNairy Co Tennessee.  NETTIE was born March 7, 1852 Hardin Co Tennessee, and died Jan 31, 1939 Ardmore, Carter Co Oklahoma. Their children were:

PEARL JONES born July 1881 or 1882 McNairy Co Tennessee; died Oklahoma

BLAKIE JONES (f) born May 1885 McNairy Co Tennessee, died Oklahoma or Texas

LOUIS JONES  born June 16, 1888 McNairy Co Tennessee; died Jan 13, 1944 Ardmore, Carter Co Oklahoma; married LAURA LEDBETTER.

GRACE J JONES born July 6, 1892 Texas; died April 1985 Texas; married VERNE THORNTON.

--EMILY EMMA JONES born about 1850 McNairy Co Tennessee; no further info

--Dr ABRAHAM ALPHONSO JONES born 1854 McNairy Co Tennessee; died Feb 23, 1913 Wichita Falls, Texas; married 1st) LUCY E CLEVELAN on March 20, 1879 McNairy Co Tennessee; 2nd) MINNIE L unknown before 1900 in Texas

MARY E JONES born 1881 Texas; married unknown BROWN; widow with son living in father's household in 1910 Wichita Falls, Texas census.

ORA JONES (m) born 1883 Tennessee or Texas

LESTER JONES born 1893 Texas

--FOSTER SCOTT JONES born 1857 McNairy Co Tennessee; died April 19, 1889 McNairy Co Tennessee, no children.

Have a great day!


© Betty Tartas  2016