Josiah Blair Thompson, son of Joseph & Jane Thompson, taken about 1920
For years I have been looking for a way to further verify my branch of the THOMPSON family in Burke County, North Carolina. Like the surname HUBER, there were many different Scotch Irish THOMPSON families in North Carolina, descendants of Scotch Irish settlers in Pennsylvania, who traveled down the "Great Wagon Road" to Virginia & North Carolina.
And I had hoped that through DNA testing, I might be able to glean more information about the women in this line, as so many still remain anonymous, with no clues as to maiden names or family connections.
I first tested with 23andMe in 2010. Since then, I have also tested with Family Tree DNA and Ancestry.com DNA. But matches to my THOMPSON family were practically nonexistent, with only one verified X match that I received in 2013.
This struck me as really odd, since my great x 3 grandparents JOSEPH (aka ISAAC JOSEPH) THOMPSON & his wife JANE had sixteen known children, and most of them survived to have enormously huge families of their own!
Finally, in the last two weeks, I have had a flurry of new DNA matches from descendants of this family! I suspect this is because DNA testing has become more affordable. Also, Family Tree DNA has recently offered "free" uploads of raw DNA data from 23andMe and Ancestry.com (which actually cost $39 if you want to interact with the matches).
Here are the known children, as per census records, of JOSEPH (aka ISAAC JOSEPH) THOMPSON & JANE his wife, who married in Burke Co North Carolina, migrated in 1838 to Bradley Co Tennessee, migrated again in 1856 to Carroll Co Arkansas, and after the Civil War, moved to Christian, Webster, Greene, Douglas & Taney Co Missouri.
William Thompson b 1817 NC d aft 1880 Bradley Co TN m Nancy Fisher
David Thompson (unverified son) b 1818 NC, d aft 1900 Bradley Co TN m Amanda "Amy" Goodwin
Isaac Avery Thompson b 1820 NC d 1892 Christian Co MO, m Jerusha Polly Goodwin
John M. Thompson b 1822 NC d unknown m. Nancy Emeline unknown
Melvina Priscilla “Siller” Thompson b 1823 NC d aft 1880 Douglas Co MO, m. James Mowery
Mary "Polly" Lucinda Thompson b 1825 NC d bef 1880 Hamilton Co TN m. Thomas Gaspaway Goodwin
Malinda Thompson b 1828 NC d 1886 Christian Co MO, m. James Monroe Whitecotton, William Riddle
Elizabeth Thompson b 1829 NC d aft 1860 Arkansas, m. unknown Newman
Sarah "Sallie" Thompson b 1830 NC d 1889 Christian Co MO, m. James Monroe Whitecotton, Nathan Griffin
Sephrone/Sophronia/Frona Thompson b 1832 NC fate unknown aft 1850 Tennessee
Martha Ann Thompson b Jan 20 1836 NC d 1900 Douglas Co MO, m. David Highbarger
Josiah Blair Thompson b 1838 TN, d 1923 Christian Co MO, m Margaret Hughes, Tabitha Marler
Louisa Thompson b 1839 TN, d 1870 Christian Co MO, m. Charles Hughes
Emeline Thompson b 1843 Bradley Co TN fate unknown aft 1850 Tennessee
Alexander Thompson b 1845 Bradley Co TN fate unknown after 1860 Arkansas
Abra/Abrazinna Thompson b 1846 Bradley Co TN fate unknown aft 1850 Tennessee
Here are the DNA matches I have so far from this family:
--Verified descendant of ISAAC AVERY THOMPSON & JERUSHA POLLY GOODWIN through daughter MAHALA THOMPSON, and her illegitimate son WILLIAM JOSEPH THOMPSON & DARTHULA GRAY.
--Verified descendant of MARTHA ANN THOMPSON & DAVID HIGHBARGER, through daughter MARY ELIZABETH HIGHBARGER who married JAMES T CLINKINGBEARD
--Two verified descendants (father/daughter) of ISAAC AVERY THOMPSON & JERUSHA POLLY GOODWIN through son WILLIAM THOMPSON & MARY McANNALLY
--Verified descendant of LOUISA THOMPSON & CHARLES HUGHES, through their son JOSEPH ALEVIS HUGHES (who was orphaned & raised in same household as my great grandmother SILOAMA WHITECOTTON).
--Verified X Chromosome match, descendant of JOSIAH BLAIR THOMPSON & first wife MARGARET HUGHES, through daughter MARY ANN THOMPSON who married JOSEPH GEORGE WASHINGTON SLAPE. After careful examination of my X chromosome chart, it appears that this X chromosome was passed down from JANE (maiden name unknown), the wife of JOSEPH THOMPSON, because JOSIAH BLAIR THOMPSON, being a son, only received one X chromosome, from his mother.
--Verified X Chromosome match, descendant of LOUISA THOMPSON & CHARLES HUGHES, through their son JOSEPH ALEVIS HUGHES. The X chromosome in this case could have come from either JOSEPH or JANE THOMPSON, since LOUISA THOMPSON was their daughter, and females receive two X chromosomes, one from each parent.
Many of these DNA matches, my 4th-5th cousins, also match each other on the same chromosomal locations. Plus several of them match descendants of a HENNESSEE family from Burke Co North Carolina, which lived next door to JOSEPH THOMPSON's father ISAAC THOMAS THOMPSON.
I am eager to find out more about this HENNESSEE family of Burke Co North Carolina, as circumstantial evidence suggests intermarriage between the two families.
Have a great day!
© Betty Tartas 2014
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